Jerusalem, the City of the Great King

In the passage below, Jesus revealed that the heavens are God’s throne, and the earth is His footstool.
He also revealed that Jerusalem is the city of the great King.

Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, “You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord.” But I say to you, do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is God’s throne; nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King (Matthew 5:33-35).

Jesus said:
1. Do not swear at all (v. 34).
2. Do not swear by heaven (v. 34).
3. Heaven is God’s throne (v. 34).
4. Do not swear by the earth (v. 35).
5. The earth is God’s footstool (v. 35).
6. Do not swear by Jerusalem (v. 35).
7. Jerusalem is the city of the great King (v. 35).

“The Holy City, New Jerusalem”

In the end times, the New Jerusalem will descend from heaven. God will send the city, prepared as a bridge adorned for her husband.

“Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband” (Revelation 21:2).

”The Great City, the Holy Jerusalem”

”. . . the great city, the Holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, having the glory of God” (Revelation 21:10).

Some portions of the New Jerusalem passage, from Revelation 21:1-10:

“New heaven and a new earth” (Revelation 21:1).

“. . . the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God” (Revelation 21:2)

“I heard a loud voice from heaven, saying: ‘Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God’” (Revelation 21:3)

“God will wipe away every tear. There shall be no more death, sorrow, crying, or pain. The former things have passed away” (Revelation 21:4).

“Then He who sat on the throne said, ‘Behold, I make all things new.’ And He said to me, ‘Write, for these words are true and faithful’” (Revelation 21:5).

“And He said to me, ‘It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End’” (Revelation 21:6).

Recommended reading: The New Jerusalem Passage, Revelation 21:1-27


The foundations of the wall of the New Jerusalem are adorned with all kinds of precious stones. The foundations are: Jasper, Sapphire, Chalcedony, Emerald, Sardonyx, Sardius, Chrysolite, Beryl, Topaz, Chrysophase, Jacinth, Amethyst.

1. Jasper – an opaque reddish-brown variety of chalcedony.

2. Sapphire – a transparent precious stone, typically blue, that is a variety of corundum (aluminum oxide).

3. Chalcedony – a microcrystalline type of quartz occurring in several different forms, including onyx, agate, and jasper.

4. Emerald – a bright green precious stone consisting of a chromium-rich variety of beryl.

5. Sardonyx – onyx in which white layers alternate with sard.

6. Sardius – a red precious stone mentioned in the Bible (e.g., Exod. 28:17) and in classical writings, probably ruby or carnelian.

7. Chrysolite – a yellowish-green or brownish variety of olivine, used as a gemstone.

8. Beryl – a transparent pale green, blue, or yellow mineral consisting of a silicate of beryllium and aluminum, sometimes used as a gemstone.

9. Topaz – a precious stone, typically colorless, yellow, or pale blue, consisting of a fluorine-containing aluminum silicate.

10. Chrysophase – a gemstone variety of chalcedony that contains small quantities of nickel

11. Jacinth – a reddish-orange gem variety of zircon.

12. Amethyst – a precious stone consisting of a violet or purple variety of quartz.

agate (pronounced ‘aɡət/) – an ornamental stone consisting of a hard variety of chalcedony, typically banded in appearance.